Every Friday, Artnet News Pro members get exclusive access to the Back Room, our lively recap funneling only the week’s must-know intel into a nimble read you’ll actually enjoy.
This week in the Back Room: crypto doesn’t pay for paintings, an art-fair ticket-price face-off, Erik Parker heats up, and much more—all in a 6-minute read (1,734 words).
Top of the Market
Coming Up Empty
Starting in early 2021, the soaring prices of cryptocurrencies were increasingly seen as proof that blockchains would soon optimize commerce across business sectors, including at the high-end of the market for physical artwork.
A year later, the Big Three auction houses have all tiptoed into new territory by enabling payment in cryptocurrency for at least one multimillion-dollar painting. But with the prices of Bitcoin and Ether now down more than 55 percent from their 2021 highs, neither the gavel gang nor the crypto-wealthy seem much closer to actually shifting the paradigm for blue-chip art sales.
To explain the state of play, here are three major takeaways from Christie’s, Sotheby’s, and Phillips’s New York auctions, from May 2021 through May 2022…
1. An Auction House’s Past Record on Cryptocurrency Means Little About the Future.
In the most recent round of evening sales, Christie’s OK’d payment in Bitcoin or Ether for the 2011 Banksy painting Diamond in the Rough (low estimate: $3 million). Phillips did the same for its premier lot, the untitled 1982 Basquiat canvas (estimate: $75 million) consigned by Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa.
But just as interesting was who didn’t embrace blockchain-backed money this time: Sotheby’s, which kicked off the trend by allowing crypto payment for three multimillion-dollar Banksy paintings across its marquee New York evening sales in May and November of 2021.
Did physical art collectors actually care about paying in crypto? None of the registered bidders for the Basquiat at Phillips wanted to settle up in Bitcoin or Ether, per a house spokesperson. Christie’s, citing client confidentiality, declined to comment on whether the winner of Diamond in the Rough settled up in crypto. Sotheby’s demurred when asked how the buyer of Banksy’s Love Is in the Air paid their $12.9 million invoice last May.
All of the above implies it would be naive to assume these experiments will continue forever just because they began.
2. Buyers and Houses Would Both Be Rolling the Dice on Exchange Rates in Crypto Transactions.
Cryptocurrency prices are notoriously volatile, and the stakes of mistiming the market rise exponentially with the amount owed to an auction house.
Suppose the buyer of Banksy’s Diamond in the Rough wanted to cover the $3.7 million final price in Bitcoin this past Tuesday. Due to market swings, paying at 4:15 p.m. instead of 2:15 p.m. would have meant saving about $103,000 even on what qualified as a stable day in Bitcoin lately.
For comparison, if the same buyer needed to convert pounds sterling to dollars to complete the transaction, the maximum variance in price would only have equated to about $37,000—an order of magnitude less extreme.
Auction houses must play the same game of chance with crypto payments received; they can just leverage a longer timeline than buyers (who must settle up within two and 10 days of an auction’s end). Since the prices of major cryptocurrencies doubled in as little as four months last year—and plummeted by nearly half in five weeks—houses face casino-like pressures if they hold Bitcoin, Ether, or alt-coins in their wallets long-term.
3. Buyers Take on More Risk by Paying With Crypto Than the Houses Do by Accepting It.
Christie’s, Sotheby’s, and Phillips conditions of sale show they have firewalled themselves off from as many uncertainties of the crypto ecosystem as possible, partly by stripping away the anonymity, “trustlessness,” and decentralization touted as the tech’s greatest benefits to buyers.
Prospective crypto bidders must still meet the same anti-money-laundering and know-your-customer standards as fiat bidders. They can only pay from crypto wallets under the custodianship of five centralized platforms: Coinbase, Coinbase Custody Trust, Fidelity Digital Assets Services, Gemini, and Paxos. Phillips banned DAOs from bidding and even preserved the right to do a “recorded video call with Phillips staff” to verify individual bidders’ identities and wallet ownership.
Yet the houses expressly warrant that they bear no responsibility for any events or conditions that might interfere with a buyer’s attempt to pay in an accepted cryptocurrency, from technological glitches to operator error. That’s a significant risk given the prevalence of system failures, scams, and other complications in blockchain transactions.
The Bottom Line
Fourteen years after the Bitcoin white paper emerged, there are still vanishingly few reputable sellers set up to accept cryptocurrencies for physical goods. In a wasteland of options, it’s sensible for the Big Three houses to try it with high-end art. The protections they have implemented give the experiment maximum upside, minimum downside, and a plug that can be pulled at any time.
Yet the same safeguards that permit the houses to accept Bitcoin, Ether, and the occasional alt-coin could be discouraging the crypto-wealthy from bidding at high levels. True web3 evangelists tend to bristle at mixing the friction of regulation-laden corporate transactions with the volatility of blockchain money.
Regardless of the reasons, unless actual buyers start showing they want to pay for paintings in crypto soon, decision-makers at Christie’s, Sotheby’s, and Phillips could mothball the project quickly. No matter how optimistic you may be about the “inevitability” of cryptocurrency payments for tangible artwork, then, the results since last May reinforce that a useful merger is a long way off in the auction sector.
The latest Wet Paint catches up with an array of up-and-coming collectors at Gagosian’s Frieze Week party at New York art-world hotspot Chapel Bar. The next-generation attendees included “familiar and expected faces, often with famous last names (see: Serena Marron, daughter of late mega-collector Don Marron), jobs at the gallery (see: strategist Ashley Overbeek), or both (sales associate Lily Mortimer and artist liaison Sophia Cohen).”
Here’s what else made a mark around the industry since last Friday morning…
Even amid the May auction cycle, buyers at Frieze New York were spending on everything from a $2,500 painting by Xinyue Yan at Capsule Shanghai to a $1.3 million Georg Baselitz at Thaddaeus Ropac. (Artnet News Pro)
Despite sticky ongoing pandemic and travel restrictions, young Taiwanese collectors were buying international art in force at Taipei Dangdai, a potential positive omen for the region’s art fair season overall. (Artnet News Pro)
- Vienna Contemporary has restructured to facilitate the departure of its Russian founder Dmitry Aksenov. The institution is now a nonprofit owned by lawyer Bernhard Hainz, entrepreneur Manfred Bodner, and real estate moguls Daniel Jelitzka and Reza Akhavan. (Press release)
To recap New York’s two-week, $2.8 billion May sales, we handed out our biannual auction awards, including Biggest Winner (Christie’s), Fastest Flip (Adrian Ghenie), and Wettest Paint (Lauren Quin). (Artnet News Pro)
- Here are the most expensive lots that sold at auction in April, from Pablo Picasso to Yoshitomo Nara. (Artnet News Pro)
Galleria Continua has announced worldwide representation of French artist Adel Abdessemed. (Press release)
That $15.3 million Ernie Barnes last week? Turns out it was consigned to auction by Ales Ortuzar, who has just announced representation of the Barnes estate through his gallery Ortuzar Projects (in collaboration with Andrew Kreps). (Artnet News Pro)
- Venus Over Manhattan now represents ceramist Sally Saul and the estate of Maryan (the latter in partnership with Kamel Mennour). Saul is due for a solo show at Venus’s downtown New York space in spring 2023. (Press release)
The Souls Grown Deep foundation elected Amy Sherald and Sanford Biggers to its board of directors to further its mission of contextualizing Black Southern artists within the wider art historical canon. (Press release)
The Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles named Tate Modern senior curator Clara Kim as its new chief curator and director of curatorial affairs. (LA Times)
- The Smithsonian tapped the Met‘s star contemporary curator Randall Griffey to be its new head curator effective this summer. (ArtFixDaily)
NFTs and More
Hackers hijacked Beeple’s Twitter account and managed to steal more than $400,000 in NFTs and cryptocurrency by tweeting out links to malicious sites that drained users’ MetaMask wallets. (Artnet News)
- Collector-dealer Adam Lindemann paid 72 ETH (about $146,000 at the time) to nab one of the NFTs Beeple created with Madonna last week. (Artnet News)